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Click or copy the URL the link to take a listen to my recent podcast episode. You can find “Real Free – Flowing Words” on your favorite podcast platform and subscribe so you can be notified about future episodes. As always, peace and keep it real.
- With an abundance of data out there on homework, it’s hard to determine if homework is either helping or hurting students.
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Homework is understood as a daily activity that prepares a student for future challenges in a curriculum (i.e. tests, projects). However, some questions need to be answered and those are, how much value needs to be put on homework? And how much significance does homework have in terms of it improving a student’s comprehension and performance in the classroom? Aside from homework, there are a myriad of other ways a student’s performance is evaluated, it’s just that homework is something parents can see their child putting effort into when not in the classroom, that is until the report card arrives in the mail. Unless there’s a P.T.A meeting (a parent and teacher meeting), the parent will not get the totality of their child’s performance once they leave home, unless the child happens to be homeschooled. Moreover, some research suggests that homework can hinder achievement and in some cases students’ overall mental health. Additionally, back in the 30s and 40s homework was abolished but made a brief return in the 50s, which brought forth a desire to sharpen students’ math and science skills. It was defunct during the Vietnam War and revitalized with a stronger emphasis on a student’s projected performance in the 80s. With that said, homework is a sort of “balance sheet” that gives a teacher and parents a snapshot of the effort and progress a student provides to their schoolwork when not in the classroom. Furthermore, the purpose of homework is generally understood as an individual practice that students generally detest when class is over. However, homework is one method that teachers use as an indicator of the attentiveness and comprehension a student has of the subject matter.
The value homework has during a student’s academic career varies and its significance towards the overall student’s performance in some cases (like in college) begins to diminish. This can all be due to the program a college student is in and the professor’s syllabus, which sometimes from my experience had minuscule worth compared to the other factors that made up the grading criteria. Having said that, homework is good practice (Allen Iverson voice, We talkin’ ‘bout Practice?!) for the material covered in class, but some students might perceive homework to be frivolous to their final grade if they’re doing “good” or “excellent” in everything else on the syllabus. A Duke researcher named Harris Cooper conducted one of the most comprehensive studies on homework efficacy to date. Cooper reported, “No strong evidence was found for an association between the homework–achievement link and the outcome measure (grades as opposed to standardized tests) or the subject matter (reading as opposed to math).” Achievement in the classroom isn’t solely dependent on homework and sometimes the two can be conflated. If one were to ask someone, let’s use a parent in this case “if homework is valuable for their child’s academic success”? A parent would most likely answer that homework is a valuable practice that they would like to see their child doing consistently and efficiently. It would be an aberration to parents if homework was removed from the syllabus. In other words, familiarity begets comfort and if homework were to be eliminated from a syllabus, then the other factors in the grading criteria will compensate for it and determine the student’s success or failure. As mentioned earlier, parents need to see firsthand the effort their child is putting into schoolwork and they might even protest that homework remains in their child’s studies.
It’s challenging to come up with a definitive answer on whether homework is helping or hurting students because there is a lot of juxtaposition that occurs with studies trying to answer how beneficial or unnecessary it is to students’ learning. The grading system gets more nuanced as students progress in school and homework in some cases depending on the course, can become optional, a way to self-check what was learned that day or week in class. In regards to this, this self-guided way of learning can go in conjunction with a psychological concept known as spacing effect, which suggests that it’s easier to learn material when it’s been worked over several times in short bursts rather than compiling everything learned from that day or week in long study sessions. Furthermore, shorter homework assignments can be more beneficial than heavy workloads, and with this sense of respite, the chances of completion rate can improve.
In closing, the value and significance of homework in education are up for debate because they’ll be an amalgamation of perspectives that see homework as a customary duty a student should be doing daily, while others looking at the grand scheme of things might find it pointless and perceive it as not always leading students to an auspicious outcome if they are falling behind in other areas in the course. With respect to that, homework should not be seen as a pacifier to salvage inadequacies in a student’s performance in other aspects of the curriculum, but an activity that will create a work ethic and confidence so a student can overcome challenges as they progress through their academic career.
Horaczek, Stan. “Kids Are Onto Something: Homework Might Actually Be Bad.” Pocket, 24 Sept. 2021, getpocket.com/explore/item/kids-are-onto-something-homework-might-actually-be-bad?utm_source=pocket-newtab&fbclid=IwAR0wIVy5vphFaAgkNJV2asGkYMp9bNahmLEOyCHz0AGgKAF5z5dnqRc6gVg.
The Funk song “Aint no stoppin’ us now” by McFadden & Whitehead was the first thing I thought of when researching more about Flow State. Sometimes we might think a concatenation of things will be needed to inspire us to enter a flow state, but I don’t think it’s only inspiration, but the level of interest in the activity that will determine how much energy will be outputted. Furthermore, the consistency the activity is done with, I think will further make the flow state easier to enter and sustain. For example, on this website, a lot of bloggers here can probably attest to being so focused to the point where they felt “possessed” by some creative writing entity. Moreover, the output and quality of work they submitted at the end would usually be gratifying. The reason is, I think the duration it took to finish the project and the satisfactory outcome exceeded the blogger’s expectations once they began the activity. This will conceivably lead to consistency, but even with that, consistency will depend on the individual. So, flow on everyone.
2021 has been a good year for both my podcast series (Black History 365: The Throw Down & Real Free – Flowing Words) Podcast creators know that their content needs to be engaging, consistent, relevant, and the most important component memorable. In regards to this, every podcast you’ve listened to has had something that attracted you to it, and if it’s something that is enjoyable and adds value to what you’re seeking, you’ll continue to listen and recommend it to your peers. Having said that, I would be lying if I said I don’t review the analytics for both my podcasts. I think everyone should consistently monitor it to see what they need to improve on so they can bestow the best quality content their listeners will look forward to weekly or monthly. Furthermore, some might find it incredulous that they aren’t seeing growth and I understand the frustration but if your mindset is fixated on that, your content will suffer because you might come up with all sorts of ways to appease your listeners that’ll stray away from the theme of your podcast or in other words, the relevancy. Anyway, I want to share the analytics to my podcast as a way for readers here that are podcasters or want to start one, understand that people will be listening worldwide and with every upload. The world is your stage when it comes to podcasting, all minds will connect with your content. Whether it’s a positive or negative reception, in the end, it’ll leave a lasting impact for them to leave satisfied for more or disconnect forever, but new listeners will always come knocking to enter your “podcast door”.
Black History 365: The Throw Down Streamed very well in 5 countries during 2021
- South Africa
- 42% of my listeners listen to my podcast between 5 AM and 11 AM, making it the most popular time.
- Episodes range from 5 to 10 minutes so a quick history lesson is given that is succinct and easy to listen to. Across the last 32 episodes, 192 minutes have been recorded.
Real Free – Flowing Words streamed well in two countries
- The United States of America
- 41% of my listeners tune in to Real Free – Flowing Words between 11PM – 5AM.
- 238 minutes of content has been produced across 20 episodes.
- I don’t post the episodes to my podcast that often on my blog site but I want people who have never been informed about my podcast to check it out. It’s the audio version to my written blog work on here, or more formally called a “Reformatted Podcasts”. Lastly, I want to add a link to an article for any of you new podcasters or seasoned ones. It’s on the seven types of podcasts formats, and best believe yours is one of the seven mentioned. Click the URL to read.
- Use the URL to listen to the episode. As always, peace and keep it real.
This past Saturday I attended my fourth Boston Freedom Rally Aka Hempfest, an annual Educational Cannabis and Music Festival held in Boston Common, Boston MA. Massachusetts Cannabis Reform (MassCann) is a non – profit public education organization working for the moderation of Marijuana laws. The event happens annually on the third Saturday in September and it’s a festival that’s been happening for the last 30 years. Moreover, MassCann advocates through their campaigns for Cannabis reform laws and social justice for minorities communities who are unjustly incarcerated for the usage of the plant. Furthermore, MassCann also campaigns for the legalization of hemp agriculture expanding medical marijuana programs and moving the regulation of the herb out from under the drug war armory of mandatory minimums, asset forfeiture, license confiscation, urine testing, and so on (Cited from MassCann site). This is a succinct explanation of the event background, for more information check out the website link below.
- Below are photos from the event
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Title: Chillin’ Monument Side
Location: Boston Common, Boston, MA
Photo description: People on top of Soldiers and Sailors Monument, enjoying a beautiful day out while smoking herb.
Photo Location: Boston Common, Boston MA
Photo Description: People and I walking through the cannabis vendor.
Title: Vendors Part 2
Photo location: Boston Common, Boston, MA
Photo description: Walking through festival vendors
Title: Grass Seats
Photo Location: Boston Common, Boston, MA
Photo Description: Looking at the main music stage. Some people and I were listening to keynote speakers talk about MassCann and Cannabis information.
Title: Dire Sloth
Photo Location: Boston Common, Boston MA
Photo Description: I’m not familiar with the band Dire Sloth, but I did enjoy what I heard and will look more into them.
Photo location: Boston Common, Boston MA
Photo description: On top of the Boston Common hill, next to the monument
Title: Main Stage
Photo location: Boston Common, Boston, MA
Photo description: Looking towards the main music stage
Title : Hazy
Photo Location : Boston Common, Boston, MA
Photo Description : Looking down at the smoke filled festivities.
- Hey readers, this a recent episode I did with a friend on the Big Five Personality Traits. Take a listen and if you gained some insight from this, then give it a like, rating, and subscribe wherever you listen your podcasts on. As always peace and keep it real. Click on the link to listen.
Conditions for Knowledge
Conditions for Knowledge by Robert Nozick analyzes the conditions of knowledge that are sufficient and necessary for propositional knowledge. He uses two letters to express each argument. Those two letters are “S” and “P”. “S” refers to the subject of the argument, while “P” is the proposition. The three conditions of knowledge are the following Truth, Justified (Evidence), and Belief. Once all three conditions are congruent, knowledge is, therefore, a “True Justified Belief”. He claims that S knows that P if and only if P follows a criterion. For instance, P is true therefore S believes that P is. However, if P weren’t true S wouldn’t believe P. Lastly if P is true, S would believe that P is in fact. When the 3rd and 4th criteria are fulfilled S’s belief is said to “track the truth”. One example he uses can help bring a better understanding. Suppose that S believes that (P): someone in the office owns a ford. Based on this belief supposedly a coworker named Brown owns the ford. However, it is not Brown who owns the ford but it is Jones, another coworker. So S would have failed to satisfy the subjunctive condition because if P weren’t true S wouldn’t believe P, but it would continue to believe (P, someone in the office owning a ford) even if Jones didn’t own the ford. The conditions of knowledge seem to follow the critical philosophy criteria, because there isn’t always a certainty to all the facts, definitions, etc.… Also, since there isn’t much certainty, skepticism can arise even if there is much analysis.
I love reading and writing, every week I collect books on my walks. You’ve probably heard the saying “Reading is Fundamental”, well it is truly a vital fundamental skill that will always be in every facet of our lives. Reading is one of the first skills we learn as a child and it is one of the main components of a solid education in adolescent growth. With that said, I want to share with you a story I came upon that intrigued me but made me question how many older adults are out in this country and possibly the world (the people reading in their native languages) that are illiterate and continue to progress in life without learning an imperative skill that they will have to face on the daily.
I will include a link to the article so you take a look and gain better context to this story. I will summarize what I’ve read in terms of this person’s story and add my commentary on it. The article is three years old, but this kind of issue doesn’t have an expiration date. “I was a teacher for 17 years, but couldn’t read or write. That title captivated me and from there. The article tells the story of John Corcoran, a man who grew up with one of six siblings in New Mexico U.S. in the 1940s and 1950s, and graduated high school and college with a secret he never revealed during those days and that was his illiteracy. As a child, Corcoran perceived reading as reading a Chinese newspaper, none of it made sense, and he couldn’t make out the words, let alone understood what they meant. “I didn’t understand what those lines were, and as a child of six, seven, eight years old, I didn’t know how to articulate the problem. Corcoran understood at a young age that the world he would have to deal with when he entered his adult life involved reading and writing on every level. He would go on to say reflecting on his childhood, “I remember praying at night saying, “please lord, let me know how to read tomorrow when I get up” and sometimes I’d even turn on the light and get a book and look at it and see if I got a miracle, but I didn’t get that miracle”.
His illiteracy only exasperated his confidence because he would be placed in the “dumb row” in elementary and middle school. His teachers said he was a good student, saying things like “He’s a smart boy he’ll get it” and consequently promoting him to the next grade. Furthermore, even though he stated his social skills were proficient his illiteracy haunted him every turn and motivated him to commit to cheating on exams. The ways he came up with cheating were sort of clever and he even took it a step further by breaking into a teachers office to obtain test documents so he can cheat and pass. His desperation is understandable but reckless and frankly idiotic. I’m not trying to be irreverent but nowhere in the article did he ever seek out tutoring in his younger years to alleviate his issues during his elementary and middle school years, nor did he have an insatiable desire to learn to read and write no matter what. Not to mention if his parents had known of his illiteracy, he would have absolutely been tutored/homeschooled until his parents felt he was ready to be in a classroom with other students which would have added extra pressure. Equally important, I did research on when the SATs you know the test that is administered for college admissions. Well it came out in 1926 and it was around during Corcaran’s day and I believe he would have scored very low or devised a scheme to cheat his way to a high score, after all, desperation was his calling card for his shortcomings.
Fast forward to his college years which he somehow completed without many issues and was offered a job in teaching. He would fake heart attacks in faculty meetings where brainstorming ideas and writing ideas on the board was constant activity, but doing that after a few times would not only be old but very suspicious. I’m not sure if he is proud of this but he did “whatever it took not to get caught, AND I NEVER DID GET CAUGHT”. Whenever taking attendance the names of the students would always cause distress and he used the students as aides. He claims they didn’t suspect anything at all – you don’t suspect the teacher”. Hmm, I call bullshit on this, unless the kids are retarded, oblivious, or don’t care, one student would have picked up why are we constantly watching films and having seminars? A lot of students would be cool with this, but one of them had to be curious, other teachers and the principal would be and question his teaching methods. On the bright side, he could type 65 words per minute, but what good is that when he couldn’t read or understand it, and he would continue to be deceitful not only to his peers and students but also to himself. It was later in life when he got a tutor, and his wife and friends assisted him with his illiteracy.
In conclusion, John Corcoran’s story of maneuvering through life without a vital daily skill will be inspiring to individuals who have gone through a similar situation. Quite frankly, in my opinion adult illiteracy should not even be allowed to happen in my opinion unless the child is severely mentally impaired. His parents and teachers earlier in his life especially in elementary and middle school failed him in terms of not encouraging and enforcing him to be ingrained in reading and writing. Lastly, Corcoran is definitely not the only adult in this country that has or still suffering in silence due to their illiteracy, and it needs to addressed immediately once identified by that individual or an adult (parent/teacher) and they will have to encourage them in ways that will give them confidence to help the next young person struggling from being an adult who has yet to achieve a skill for daily life. What is it you’re doing now? That’s right reading this post. So read on, people because I know will.