Does money really bring you freedom?

We’ve all heard the saying “Money can buy happiness” which is debatable but one saying I have been contemplating over the past few days is that “Money can bring you freedom”. I believe there is truth to this. However, in this post, I’ll perceive this saying from a different angle and I want to fixate on the word “Freedom”. Freedom by definition is “the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint”. A broke person who has his physical freedom (not being incarcerated) has the freedom to improve his or herself and become the best version of himself. Having money will give him or her the opportunity to experience things that he or she wouldn’t have had the luxury to do. However, if this person loses their physical freedom all that they have worked for will not only be relinquished but their freedom of mind to progress will be halted. Freedom of body and mind is what I’m getting at here, this also applies to an affluent person who has their physical freedom and has way more opportunities and options to obtain and experience things compared to a broke person or homeless person. That person could be in a predicament where let’s use an example like he or she was embezzling money and now has to do time. That physical freedom in the free world is removed and his or her free mindset to accomplish whatever they want is halted and they’ll have to start from the beginning and work their way back. In this example, the affluent person gets their time back which is something that can never be returned so with their newfound physical freedom and by being scrupulous and motivated they can live comfortably again. On the other hand, a poor person has an uphill battle but with motivation, time management, and a supportive group of people around them, they can improve to where they envision themselves to be and also live comfortably. For example, in the  film Pursuit of Happyness, Will Smith’s Chris Gardner. Gardner was broke and became homeless in the middle of the film, but he never lost the motivation to sell his bone density machines and work in Corporate America when the odds were stacked against him. He had his son (Love and belonging) by his side at all times experiencing the struggles. He lost almost all physiological needs and his safety needs were in jeopardy on multiple occasions which diminished his esteem at times. However, one thing that was consistent throughout that film was his self -actualization. He knew his strengths and weaknesses and capitalized on the opportunity that would bring solace to him and his son’s life. The happiness came from the struggle to finally obtain what he wanted to accomplish and that could not have been done without freedom of mind and body. What good is the money going to provide if you cannot have the physical freedom to enjoy it? All these individuals I’ve mentioned have the freedom to navigate through life on their own accord and are responsible for their outcomes.  In summary, everything I said thus far can be exhibited below with a chart of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. So can money bring you freedom? In my opinion yes and no. As long as you have freedom of body and mind, the money will come your way as long as you put the work in. Opportunities will be worthwhile because you have the freedom to experience it. Use your money as you wish, and that is true freedom, not being restrained to accomplish what you want. 

Solomon Northup’s 12 Years a Slave (Black History 365)

In this entry of Black History 365, I’ll be presenting the story of an African American man who was a farmer and musician, but his life as a person seeking a prosperous life was halted when taken hostage and sold into slaverly in 1841. This is the story of Solomon Northup’s 12 years as a slave.

Who was Solomon Northup

Solomon Northup grew up a free man, working as a farmer and violinist, all while being a family man. Northup’s life took a drastic turn to a path that would lead to constant pain and servitude. In 1841 he was drugged and kidnapped to work in the deep south, specifically a plantation in Louisiana, where he would be enslaved for more than a decade. As a free man he never had to endure persistent torture, but once enslaved he would endure horrible violent conditions. Northup would once again become a free man in 1853 with help from colleagues and friends. His experiences as a slave became a narrative, titled “12 years a slave.” 

Early life   

Northup was born in July 1808 in Minerva, New York. His father Mintus was a former slave but was released by his former master’s death, hence leaving Solomon and his older brother Joseph growing up knowing freedom. Northup worked with his father on a farm growing up, while also taking to books and the violin. 

Established Family and Farm   

On Christmas Day in 1829, Northup married Anne Hampton, a woman of multiracial descent. They would go on to raise three children, Elizabeth, Margaret, and Alonzo. Solomon and Anne established a farm in 1832 in Kingsbury with Northup also having a reputation in the community as the most excellent fiddlers. With the help of his wife, Northup was able to earn income for her in-demand cooking skills, the couple did well and moved to Saratoga Springs in 1834, where Northup would land a job in the United States Hotel, among other jobs. 

Taken Captive

In March 1841 while seeking employment, Northup met two white men who claimed they were affiliated with a circus. Northup initially intended to accompany the men and help provide violin performances for their act, but Northup was convinced to travel with them to Washington D.C. From there the trap was set. Northup was drugged by the men, help captive, severely beaten, and sold into slavery in Louisiana. 

Horrors of slavery

While in captivity Northup was forced to do a variety of daily strenuous tasks slaves had to do. While being among other slaves, he never revealed to them that he had once lived as a free man for fear of him being sent further away. Furthermore, he observed and later recounted the plight of others like Eliza, whose young son Randall was sold and taken away from her at auction in New Orleans.    

Northup’s eventually sold in 1843 to Edwin Epps residing in Bayou Beouf. Once arriving there he had to learn to survive under barbaric conditions with his peers. The constant vile and violence led him discovering a woman named Patsey, who was targeted by the sexually abusive Epps while having to fear attacks from his hate-filled wife. Patsey’s side of the story represented the ordeals of many slave women subjugated in the slavery system. 

Free in 1853 and Death

Northup fortunate changes when Samuel Bass, anti-slavery Canadian carpenter visiting the Beouf Plantation, befriended Northup and reached out to friends of the musician back in Saratoga Springs looking for verification that he had been a free member of the community. Lawyer Henry B. Northup, who was part of the family Northup and his clan took their name, traveled South, and facilitated Solomon’s release in 1853. 

It was in that year Northup published the memoir “Twelve years a slave”. The work was known for its meticulousness and thoughtful quality became a top seller and vital historical document which would be an aiding factor for the abolitionist cause. 

Northup subsequently gave lectures on his experiences and worked with the Underground Railroad in helping those fleeing slavery to reach Canada. He later disappeared from the public and is thought to have died around 1864.

Legacy and films 

Solomon Northup’s life has been adapted into motion pictures and other media. Filmmaker and photographer released an American Playhouse film on Northup’s life, Solomon Northup’s Odyssey in 1984. And at the end of the millennium, Saratoga Springs resident Renee Moore created the event Solomon Northup Day: A Celebration of Freedom,” which is an annual event set by the city that began in 2002. Lastly, in 2013 a film by British director Steven McQueen was adapted from Northup’s memoir. 

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The Underground Railroad (Black History 365)

 “I was the conductor of the Underground Railroad for eight years, and I can say what most conductors can’t say, I never ran my train off the track and I never lost a passenger. 

– Harriet Tubman, 1896

Black and white photograph of Harriet Tubman photographed by Harvey Lindsley.

One of the most famous historical events in U.S. history is the Underground Railroad which was the resistance to enslavement through escape and flight to freedom in the Northern states.   African American slaves had to put in much for their safety and lives when escaping bondage. They escaped at first to maroon communities in remote or rugged terrain on the edge of settled areas and eventually across the state and international borders. It was these acts of self – emancipation that labeled these slaves as “fugitives”, “escapees, or runaways but in retrospect the more accurate description is “freedom seekers”. Many of these freedom seekers would go on to embark on an unaided journey, and many completed their self – emancipation without assistance, but each subsequent decade in which slavery was legal in the U.S.  there was an increase in active efforts to assist escape.     

Underground Railroad - HISTORY

A lot of the assistance the freedom seekers received was said to have been spontaneous. However, in some places, especially after the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, the Underground Railroad was deliberate and organized. The Freedom Seekers went to many destinations once leaving the south. They made it as far north to Canada, Mexico, Spanish Florida, Indian territory, the West, Caribbean Islands, and Europe. 

Wherever in the south enslaved African Americans were, they were eager to escape at any cost. Slavery was practiced in all original thirteen colonies and also in; Spanish California, Louisiana and Florida, Central and South America, and on all the Caribbean islands until the Haitian Revolution (1791 – 1804) and British abolition of slavery (1834). 

The Underground Railroad started at the place of enslavement. From there, the routes followed using transportation via rivers, canals, bayous, the Atlantic coast, ferries, river crossings, and roads and trails. In addition, there were locations close to ports, free territories and international boundaries prompted many escapes. 

The Underground Railroad | American Experience | Official Site | PBS

Being strategic and using ingenuity, freedom seekers were vigilant and conjured enough courage and intelligence to concoct disguises, forgeries, and other strategies to stay one step from slave catchers. In regards to that, the inevitable obstacle was trying to avoid slave catchers and enslavers who tracked runaways on escape routes they anticipated the Freedom seekers would take to escape. Slave catchers and owners would use bounties and advertise rewards to encourage public complicity in apprehension. People bit the bait and slave catchers/owners received help from enslaved and free blacks, American Indians, and people of different religious and ethnic groups. 

The Maritime industry became a vital source for spreading information, while additionally offering employment and transportation for slaves who arrived in the “new world” aka The North. The Pacific West Coast and possibly Alaska became destinations because of ties to the whaling industry. Military service was an additional option, and thousands of African Americans joined from the Colonial Era to the Civil War to gain their freedom. With that said, during the Civil War, many freedom seekers sought protection and liberty by escaping to the lines of the Union army. 

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Nat Turner’s Rebellion(Black History 365)

Nat Turner’s rebellion was one of the largest and bloodiest slave rebellions to ever take place in the U.S., and it played a significant role in the development of antebellum slave society. Historical images depict Nat Turner’s rebellion of armed black men roaming the countryside slaying white men, women, and children. They haunted white southerners and this showed how vulnerable slave owners were when they were unprepared to face the wrath of slaves who got fed up with the torturous daily life on the plantation. With that said, following the rebellion whites throughout the South were determined to prevent any further slave uprisings. To make it possible they tightened the harsh slave codes to keep African Americans from having a freedom mindset and in their perspective a constant subservient position. To understand how this rebellion occurred we must start from the beginning starting with the man who initiated him and his fellow slaves fight for freedom.

Slaves

Nat Turner was born in 1800 into slavery in Southampton Virginia, about twenty miles from the North Carolina border. As with other slaves he lived among, Turner’s experience was the typical daily hell in Southern plantations. He could not legally marry, travel without his master’s permission, own property, or earn money. Turner would work long hard hours on the fields for meager rations of food and clothing, and if he refused to accept he would have to endure whippings or other punishment. As with other slaves, Turner was sold several times to different masters. Every time that happened he was forced to leave his family and friends and start a new day in hell in a different plantation. The brutal system of slavery that was demanding and  torturous was something Nat Turner sought to overthrow. Furthermore, he sought to not only gain his freedom but to dismantle the entire system of slavery and liberate African Americans from white tyranny. 

In his twenties, Turner became a spiritual leader among his fellow slaves including his mother and grandmother. They believed that he had been chosen by God to do great things. Then, in the 1820’s he had serious visions. He had a Moses in the burning bush moment where he believed God was commanding him to prepare himself for a great battle against evil. During the religious revivals of the 2nd Great Awakening, many Americans back then no matter their background were said to have experienced visions or believed that God spoke directly to them and in Nat Turner’s case his belief that God had destined him for a special purpose which reflected the religious fervor of his time. You see the purpose for which Turner believed in was that God had chosen him to do something extraordinary. In February 1831, a solar eclipse was said to be a sign Turner was waiting for, and from there he began his preparations for an insurrection. Fast forward to August 13th of the same year, and even though this sounds implausible, it is said that Turner saw the sun appear a blue – green coloring in the sky, and Turner and his friends took it as the final sign. 

Nat Turner | Biography, Rebellion, & Facts | Britannica

On August 22nd, 1831, Nat Turner and six fellow slaves began their attack. They planned to move systemically from plantation to plantation in Southampton and began to kill all white people connected to slavery including men, women, and children. Moreover, they started on their plantation and murdered Turner’s owners and his family. During the next 23 hours, Turner and his fellow insurgents moved throughout the country to eleven different plantations, killing 55 people and inspiring 50 – 60 enslaved to join their ranks. They would then move onto the town of Jerusalem to destroy the town and kill all the inhabitants. However, before they could reach their destination they were stopped by a heavily armed white militia. Subsequently, the Governor had called about three thousand militiamen to put down the rebellion. Seeing that they were outnumbered and over matched, Turner’s insurgents disbanded and retreated into the woods and swamps. 

Remembering the horror of Nat Turner's rebellion on this day in 1831 -  Baltimore Sun

Turner and his fellow insurgents’ anger and destruction were quickly diffused due to a white militia hunting them down and capturing them. Not only were they captured, but the white militia killed the men who had participated except for Nat Turner. Turner hid for two months in the woods of Southampton County. When he was finally captured, he was tried, convicted, and then hung and skinned. Wow, talk about brutality. In addition, fifty – four other men were executed by the state. Having said that, to terrorize the local African American population some of the militia decapitated fifteen of the captured insurgents had their heads put on stakes. Afterward, fear spread through the white population and this led to white mobs turning on blacks who played no role in the uprising. An estimated two to three hundred African Americans, most of whom were not connected to the rebellion were murdered by white mobs, possibly to keep them in line to not start another uprising. The Governor of Virginia tried to put an end to this vigilante justice, insisting that those who had participated in the rebellion should be tried and executed by the state and also reinforce the supremacy of the law for both blacks and whites. In the aftermath of the rebellion, the state legislature of Virginia considered abolishing slavery but instead voted to tighten the laws restoring blacks’ freedom in hopes of preventing any further insurrections. 

Nat Turner's Rebellion – Last Best Hope of Earth

In nearby North Carolina, several slaves were falsely accused of being involved in Turner’s rebellion and executed. Rumors began to spread that slaves in North Carolina were plotting their uprising and white mobs murdered many enslaved men, while other slaves were arrested, tried, and executed. North Carolina, like Virginia, passed new legislation further restricting the rights of both enslaved people and free blacks. The legislation also made it illegal for slaves to preach to be “insolent” to white people, to carry a gun, to hunt in the woods, to coexist with a free black or white person, and to own any type of livestock. These new codes also forbade white people from teaching an enslaved person to read. 

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The Freedom Riders (Black History 365)

Welcome readers to another entry in Black History 365, a series where I explain, educate and explore historical events, unsung black figures in world history, and recount the struggles and triumphs of black people worldwide. In this entry, I will present the story behind “The Freedom Riders”. This post is much needed to be presented after the recent passing of civil rights legend and former U.S. representative John Lewis who was the frontman so to speak in this group of activists. 

The Freedom Riders were a group of Black and White Americans civil rights activists who participated in Freedom rides, bus rides through the American South in 1961 to protest segregated bus terminals. During their travels, The Freedom Riders tried to use “whites – only” restrooms and lunch counters at the bus stations in Alabama, South Carolina, and other southern states. As expected they were met with hostility from police officers as well as horrific violence from white protesters. However, with all the adversity they endured, they had supporters as their actions and bravery were spotlighted on an international scale. 

John Lewis

The original members of Freedom Riders totaled at 13, seven African Americans and six whites left Washington, D.C., on a Greyhound bus on May 4, 1961. Their objective was to reach New Orleans, Louisiana on May 17 to commemorate the seventh anniversary of the Supreme Court’s Brown V. Board of Education decision, which ruled that segregation of the nation’s public schools was unconstitutional.

They would travel to Virginia and North Carolina drawing little public notice. The first violent incident occurred on May 12 in Rock Hill, South Carolina John Lewis, an African American seminary student and member of the SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), white Freedom Rider and World War II veteran Albert Bigelow and another African American rider were viciously attacked as they attempted to enter a whites-only waiting area.

The next day, the group reached Atlanta, Georgia, where some of the riders split off onto a Trailways bus.

Soon after the mob followed the bus in automobiles, and when the tires on the bus blew out, someone threw a bomb into the bus. The Freedom Riders escaped the bus as it burst into flames, only to be brutally beaten by members of the surrounding mob.

The second bus, a Trailways vehicle, traveled to Birmingham, Alabama, and those riders were also beaten by an angry white mob, many of whom carried metal pipes. Birmingham Public Safety Commissioner Bull Connor stated that, although he knew the Freedom Riders were arriving and violence awaited them, he posted no police protection at the station because it was Mother’s Day. Talk about a setup. 

Photographs of the burning Greyhound bus and the bloodied riders appeared on the front pages of newspapers throughout the country and around the world the next day, drawing international attention to the Freedom Riders’ cause and the state of race relations in the United States.

Following the widespread violence, CORE officials could not find a bus driver who would agree to transport the integrated group, and they decided to abandon the Freedom Rides. However, Diane Nash, an activist from the SNCC, organized a group of 10 students from Nashville, Tennessee, to continue the rides.

U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, brother of President John F. Kennedy, began negotiating with Governor John Patterson of Alabama and the bus companies to secure a driver and state protection for the new group of Freedom Riders. The rides finally resumed, on a Greyhound bus departing Birmingham under police escort, on May 20.

Federal Marshals Called In

The violence toward the Freedom Riders was not quelled, rather, the police abandoned the Greyhound bus just before it arrived at the Montgomery, Alabama, terminal, where another white mob attacked the riders with baseball bats and clubs as they disembarked. Attorney General Kennedy sent 600 federal marshals to the city to stop the violence.

The following night, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. led a service at the First Baptist Church in Montgomery, which was attended by more than one thousand supporters of the Freedom Riders. A riot ensued outside the church, and King called Robert Kennedy to ask for protection.

Kennedy summoned the federal marshals, who used teargas to disperse the white mob. Patterson declared martial law in the city and dispatched the National Guard to restore order.

Kennedy Urges ‘Cooling Off’ Period 

On May 24, 1961, a group of Freedom Riders departed Montgomery for Jackson, Mississippi. There, several hundred supporters greeted the riders. However, those who attempted to use the whites-only facilities were arrested for trespassing and taken to the maximum-security penitentiary in Parchman, Mississippi.

That same day, U.S. Attorney General Kennedy issued a statement urging a “cooling off” period in the face of the growing violence:

“A very difficult condition exists now in the states of Mississippi and Alabama. Besides the groups of ‘Freedom Riders’ traveling through these states, there are curiosity seekers, publicity seekers, and others who are seeking to serve their causes, as well as many persons who are traveling because they must use the interstate carriers to reach their destination.

In this confusing situation, there is an increasing possibility that innocent persons may be injured. A mob asks no questions.

A cooling-off period is needed. It would be wise for those traveling through these two Sites to delay their trips until the present state of confusion and danger has passed and an atmosphere of reason and normalcy has been restored.”

During the Mississippi hearings, the judge turned and looked at the wall rather than listen to the Freedom Riders’ defense—as had been the case when sit-in participants were arrested for protesting segregated lunch counters in Tennessee. He sentenced the riders to 30 days in jail.

Attorneys from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), a civil rights organization, appealed the convictions all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which reversed them.

Desegregating Travel

The violence and arrests continued to garner national and international attention and drew hundreds of new Freedom Riders to the cause.

The rides continued over the next several months, and in the fall of 1961, under pressure from the Kennedy administration, the Interstate Commerce Commission issued regulations prohibiting segregation in interstate transit terminals.

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Juneteenth (Black History 365)

Welcome readers to another entry to my Black History 365 series where I present historical events in black history some that are well known and others that are not acknowledged enough for younger generations to be aware of. With that said, this post will explain the significance and history behind Juneteenth.

Juneteenth is an unofficial holiday in America but is recognized as an official state holiday in Texas. The holiday is celebrated on the 19th of June every year and it commemorates the freedom of slaves on June 19th, 1865 in the state of Texas. It was all due to the announcement from Union general Gorgon Granger who read federal orders to the Texan slaves who still believed that they were slaves in this land of America while slaves in other states were free two half years prior due to the formally issued emancipation proclamation on January 1st, 1863. In regards to that, after the American civil war ended with the defeat of the confederate states to the northern union on April 9th, 1865, Texas was the most remote state of the slave states, and since they had a low presence of Union troops the news didn’t reach the slaves in time for them to be aware of their freedom.

The inaugural celebration of their freedom which would be named “Juneteenth” was celebrated the following year of 1866. At first, the celebration was held in church – centered community gatherings in Texas but it would eventually spread across the south and became more commercialized using food festivals in the 1920s and 1930s. Fast forward to the civil rights movement in the 1960s the holiday was overshadowed by the relentless fight for civil rights but it was still remembered. However, in the 1970s there was a resurgence of the holiday in terms of African American artists adding themes of the holiday into their arts, and from there and as of today (21st century) Juneteenth is celebrated in a lot of U.S. cities, 48 out of the 50 to be exact. Even though it is not an official U.S. holiday, activists are campaigning for the U.S. Congress to recognize it as a national holiday.

Leave a like and comment if you’d like to chime in about Juneteenth, and give my page a follow so you can stay up to date for my future post. As always peace, keep it real and Happy Juneteenth.

Skadden Declares Juneteenth A Firmwide Holiday | Above the Law

Riot Ready

“And I must say tonight that a riot is the language of the unheard. And what is it America has failed to hear? … It has failed to hear that the promises of freedom and justice have not been met. And it has failed to hear that large segments of white society are more concerned about tranquility and the status quo than about justice and humanity.”

― Martin Luther King Jr.

“We declare our right on this earth to be a man, to be a human being, to be respected as a human being, to be given the rights of a human being in this society, on this earth, in this day, which we intend to bring into existence by any means necessary“. – Malcolm X

The U.S. is in pandemonium with these riots in Minneapolis, and the anger seen is justified with the slaying of George Floyd in Minneapolis by officer Derek Chauvin. These “badged terminators” will continue murdering black folks with or without a video recording as evidence. There is no resting in peace (r.i.p.) when this man died in the hands of hate. You remember when in the Summer of 2014 when Eric Garner was choked to death by the hands of a degenerate cop? His dying words were “I can’t breathe” the same as George Floyd and both cops didn’t give a damn about these men’s lives, they all were thinking “fuck your breath, because I and my racist background has always seen you as a threat”. Hysteria towards this injustice is making its way overseas and as I’m writing this, riots are happening in London and Germany. America has seen its plethora of riots and protests and no matter the outcome of this case, injustice, racism, and all-around hate will continue to live in this land until the end of time. With that said, unification needs a strategy, and one that can disseminate to people all over the nation who share the common goal of conquering injustice, but destroying the communities and losing soldiers in the process are majors losses that cannot be conducive to a victory. If you’re someone who is going to protest or know someone who is, let your presence know but stay safe out there. Leave a comment if you’d like to chime in and give my page a follow so you can stay up to date for future posts. As always peace and keep it real.

Freedom Flight

Captive and lost in time 

A prey to a chain link oppression 

Freedom to reach everywhere and at any time was once a formality

Pain and courage silenced by cold steel 

Blessings of a spring gust 

Brought momentum to push forth from the adversity 

Now this flightless bird has awoken now

To begin once again freely soaring and restoring balance 

In what is not what once was 

A freedom flight that can’t be grounded 

Free Angela (Black History 365/Women’s History Month)

She’s an activist, an author, a scholar, an abolitionist and most importantly a icon that is revered for her contributions to civil rights and the progression and liberation for the oppressed. She is Angela Y. Davis.

Image result for angela davis art

The year is 1971 and Angela Davis is America’s most famous “Political Prisoner” as she awaits trial in connection to capital crimes in a courtroom armed takeover in 1970 which resulted in her friend Jonathan Jackson, two inmates and a judge dead in Marin county. Responding officers were the ones who had shot those four people, but they needed a “fall guy” to take all the blame and they found that in Davis as she was now their suspect and public enemy number one for the FBI. Investigators accused Davis as they traced a gun used during the ambush to her, but Davis stayed resilient and sensed a setup and from then on she eluded the authorities for two months but eventually was captured by the FBI. President Richard Nixon congratulated the FBI in its “capture of the dangerous terrorist Angela Davis”.

“Free Angela” was the chant from defense committees in the U.S and abroad showing support for what they believed was a severe injustice. These same defense committees formed a broad interracial coalition of supporters who believed it was Nixon’s America not Davis that should be on America’s Most Wanted List. Her supporters went on to show their disdain towards Nixon as they believed he was responsible for America terrorizing, imprisoning and trying to dismantle the movement of black liberation. Their freedom struggle in 1971 became the struggle for freedom of Angela Davis a political prisoner to Nixon and Regan’s law and order of America. Now she stood tall during the trial of her life with millions of progressive Americans who supported her to what would become a monumental moment for her which was her acquittal in 1972.

Image result for angela davis art

From then on Davis had rallied past her detractors and began defending the oppressed. She consistently defended against institutionalized racism, inequality, and injustices as others took the bigoted way of victim-blaming. For decades she has unflinchingly defended black women, black prisoners, and poor blacks from injustices. She didn’t limit herself to only assisting black people from injustices but all women, prisoners, and poor when few Americans would have done that. She has defended America from imperialism, exploitation, racism, sexism, poverty, and incarceration. Davis has transformed those chants during 1971 of “Free Angela” to her lifetime shout of “Free America”.

Even though Black History Month is over I’m continuing my educational series of Black History 365 because Black History should be celebrated and taught year-round. Additionally, this month of March is Women’s History Month so I will combine Black History 365 with Women’s History Month and explore and explain the contributions that black women have done throughout America and world history. You might ask why am I excluding other women from this when it is Women’s History Month. Well, I’m not dismissing any of the exceptional feats women of other races have done it’s just that black women in history have been underappreciated, underestimated and so forth in the discussion of U.S. history and I want to incorporate it in my Black History 365 series. Leave a like and comment if you feel the need too, and as always peace and keep it real.

Image result for angela davis art
I have this as a sticker on my laptop.

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